Peripheral neuropathy is a condition that occurs when the outside nerves of the brain and spinal cord get damaged that results in weakness in your hands and feet along with pain and numbness. Such pain can also leave effects on other parts of the body. These nerves send the information from the brain and spinal cord to the rest of the body.
A neurologist shares that most of the patients feel the pain as stabbing, tingling, or burning. The treatable condition reduces the pain over time using medicines. The causes of peripheral neuropathy are different such as injury, inherited, toxins, metabolism issues, and infections.
According to one of the best Neurosurgeons in Lahore, diabetes is the major cause of peripheral neuropathy.
Facts to Learn About Peripheral Neuropathy:
- About 2 million people have been suffering some form of peripheral neuropathy in the US, reportedly.
- Three types of nerves can be damaged, sensory, autonomic, and motor.
- Motor nerve damage leads to muscle weakness and results in foot shape change.
- Bruising, redness, cuts, rashes, etc., are the signs that show you may develop peripheral neuropathy due to diabetes.
- Keeping your sugar level control is the best way to prevent developing peripheral neuropathy.
- Sensory nerve damage causes numbness, pain, and burning sensation.
Types of Peripheral Neuropathy
There are a variety of causes that can damage the outside nerves of the brain and spinal cord. Neuropathies have been classified into different types depending on the causes of damage.
Mononeuropathy: A condition in which only one peripheral nerve is damaged, known as Mononeuropathy.
Research reveals that the common cause behind this condition can be an injury from a traumatic event like an accident.
Pain and coldness sensation nerves can be affected as a result and also damage the internal organs, including bladder, heart, intestine, blood vessels, etc.
Polyneuropathy: Failure of more than one nerve at the same time is known as polyneuropathy. The causes may include toxin exposure such as alcohol consumption, etc. Diabetic neuropathy forms when a person is suffering from diabetes. People who do not control sugar level often develop severe symptoms of polyneuropathy, including:
- Burning sensation
- Arms and legs sensation loss
Studies have found the causes of peripheral neuropathy, but few are unknown so far. But many neurologists and neurosurgeons say that diabetes is the stem of this disease.
When people with diabetes cannot control their blood sugar, it results in developing these conditions. Let’s find out more about the possible causes of chronic peripheral neuropathy.
- Broken bone injury or result in damage of nerves due to tight plaster
- HIV infections, Shingles, and Lyme disease.
- Infection can increase the chance of peripheral neuropathy that is known as Guillain-Barré syndrome.
- Cancer can also trigger this condition
- Liver disease
- Alcohol abuse
You should learn about the symptoms as it can help you find its early condition that is treatable. Our body has different nerves that are responsible for different functions, so you can experience different symptoms depending on your condition.
- Sharp burning pain
- Extreme touch sensitivity
- Muscle weakness
- Pain in feet during activity
- Tingling in hands and feet
- Dropping things from hands
- Low blood pressure
- Excessive sweating
- Heavy arms feeling
- Digestive issues
Neurologists and neurosurgeons work together in many cases as a team. They plan on treatment after diagnosing the disease and the condition. Diabetes is the major cause of peripheral neuropathy.
It would be a natural treatment if you control your blood sugar level.
Medicines for pain relieve
The numbness and pain symptoms can be controlled using some medicines, such as tramadol, Cymbalta, seizure medications, narcotics, antidepressants, antiepileptic, etc.
Plasmapheresis is a treatment that involves blood transfusion to remove the antibodies from the bloodstream.
Transcutaneous Electronic Nerve Stimulation TENS
TENS is the most preferable treatment for many patients because it is drug-free. In this treatment, an electrode is placed on the skin to deliver the electricity into our skin.
Researchers from the Neuro Clinic say that self-care can help us to live a healthy life. You should follow some tips not to develop the severe conditions of peripheral neuropathy, such as wear fabrics like cotton, use the warm and cold pack, exercise regularly, etc.