Litigation is a legal process whereby a party or plaintiff demands a remedy for losses caused by another party, often called the defendant. It’s a court proceeding where two parties are in a contentious relationship.
Any case in a law court can be called litigation, but there are two primary litigations:
- Criminal Litigation
- Civil Litigation
In criminal, the defendant allegedly infringed criminal statutes. The civil involves bringing a lawsuit by a party against another, even when there’s no crime committed. The criminal litigation that involves death sentences is called capital litigation cases. Every one of these cases can be dealt with by any experienced litigation lawyer in Toronto, such as GLG LLP.
Other cases a litigation law firm can hold include:
- Commercial Litigation
The commercial often arises in today’s marketplace. You’re likely to face this at some points, either as an entrepreneur, employee, or employer. Commercial law is known to help you oversee hiring practices and corporate contracts, including the manufacturing and sale of consumer goods. You can seek a commercial litigation lawyer to represent you or advise you on defending and executing a business contract. They also defend partnership rights and assertions against your company or other commercial cases that affect your bottom line.
- Civil Litigation
Frequently, civil litigation seeks to attain when a case is not criminal.
Civil litigation cases include:
- Family disputes
- Property disputes
- Landlord disputes
- Business disputes
- Other Personal Injury disputes (examples: slip, fall and bike accident cases)
In a criminal case, the offender (individual, business, or any entity) will get prosecuted by the government and imprisoned or fined. Unlike criminal cases, civil litigation is brought up by an entity, business, or individual when a conflict needs resolving. Civil litigation takes up by litigators or trial lawyers specializing in crime.
- Patent Litigation
Patent Litigation is employed when an entity infringes on the trademark or patent of another party. The company whose brand violates can file a lawsuit to enforce their right and declare an illegal use of their trademark.
These trademarks or patents can be for policies, goods, or innovations. If one sells the creations of a party without authorization, the infringed party can sue and request a financial settlement from the party who made the illegal sale through a litigation law firm.
- Business Litigation
It is the most typical type of litigation case. It happens between businesses, within a company, virtually at all levels. It covers construction disputes, indemnity, defamation, breach of fiduciary duty, unfair competition, fraud, project disputes, and breach of contract, among others. A business litigation case can occur between company managers, competing companies, a corporation and its suppliers, and lenders’ debtors, shareholders, and other parties. The plaintiff seeks compensation for not fulfilling the signed contract in a contract dispute. It also can be done when paid purchases are not delivered.
- Personal Injury Litigation
In personal injury litigation, a plaintiff demands compensation for the damage caused by the defendant’s action. It might cause by wrongdoing, strict liability, or negligence. Common cases filed are medical malpractice or misdiagnosed medical ailments, motorcycle, and auto accidents, animal attacks, workplace injury, personal injury, and fraud. These are very common, and you’ll need the experience of a professional lawyer to file the case. You can ask for financial compensation from the party whose action led to your injury. The payment will cover the cost of making the injured party whole, including future expenses or losses.
- Divorce And Family Law Cases
It’s filed when married couples need to break apart because the marriage did not work. A legal representation requires here, where both parties or couples can seek child support, child custody, and other financial reimbursement or support. The court breaks the union, shares marital assets, and files child custody and support.
- Property Disputes
Property disputes are different from property litigation; the latter is complete when the dispute cannot be settled outside the court of law. Lawyers outside court first settle property disputes. It is less costly for clients but, a lawsuit will get documented if the dispute, cannot be resolved. Property disputes can happen between neighbors, tenants, owners, and investors.
Litigation law firms primarily handle criminal and civil cases. While these are the primary functions, there are forms of litigation they also attend.
Some of these include overseeing your business disputes and ensuring you get compensated for personal injuries. Regardless, the best way to know if you’d be needing a litigation law firm for a case is to consult one.