According to the research report, we find that compared with foreign markets, China’s cloud computing market presents a different growth trend. The development of private cloud has an obvious upward trend, while the public cloud, like the international trend, will form an oligopoly in the future. The branch market with Chinese characteristics will become an important form of cloud computing development in the future. When most enterprises are considering business migration to the cloud, we should pay more attention to the governance of cloud computing in the process of migration.
Now we are all talking about big data, artificial intelligence and cloud computing. In fact, all enterprises are moving forward in this direction, or to say, speeding up.
But in fact, we found a problem. In the process of our enterprise moving in this general direction, we should also consider how to be stable and go far, and ensure that we can achieve the goal through an effective method.
Earlier I had a research report (CIO of China Chemical Industry Group: Industry Cloud as An Important Ecology for the Development of Cloud Computing in China). If you are interested, you can have a look. Here, I will use this case to illustrate some problems encountered by our enterprises.
Private cloud develops steadily and public cloud will monopolize
Cloud computing has been developing for ten years. Eight years ago, I mentioned cloud computing on different occasions. At that time, I was the first person in China to promote enterprise private cloud and work on cloud computing.
The development of private cloud presents different trends. With the development of cloud computing, we can see that in foreign countries, basically, private cloud construction has gradually developed and transformed into public cloud. According to the survey, in North America, the construction of private cloud dropped from 52% to 40% in 2012, but more people chose to deploy “private cloud” to public cloud. However, the development recognition and policy guidance of China’s private cloud show an upward trend. There is a huge investment in all-round private cloud construction, a large demand for resources, a high demand for personnel capacity, and a huge challenge for external services of private cloud. We should pay attention to whether these rising trends are worthy of our attention or consideration.
Earlier when I was doing research, a company began to plan to deploy cloud computing this year, with a budget of more than one million. It said that it would build a private cloud based on the platform of Microsoft technology. There is a question: this company already has some VMware spotovmware virtualization environment, on which cloud can be developed. Why did they build a heterogeneous cloud environment? Moreover, none of their IT team of more than 100 people has the experience of using Windows Server. More importantly, we found that the company did not use cloud computing business scenarios. So the question is: what is the basis for us to make the whole cloud strategy?
There is another enterprise with a market value of four or five hundred billion. The enterprise I worked in eight years ago is of a similar scale. The two computer rooms for cloud computing add up to more than 1000 square meters. We form a cloud computing system to solve the core business needs. However, this enterprise needs to make a private cloud deployment and build a data center of more than 40000 square meters.
So we are thinking, has the development of private cloud deviated from the meaning of cloud computing itself? Enterprise private cloud itself should integrate the scattered resources of enterprises through cloud computing technology to form a virtual data center to provide cloud services.
So when we see the private cloud showing an upward developing trend, we should pay more attention to IT governance or cloud computing governance.
The first rule of cloud computing governance is whether your business direction matches your IT and cloud computing developing direction. So if we understand this, the development of the company’s business will benefit from our transformation to cloud computing.
Public cloud is still the mainstream of cloud computing market. Public cloud will be an oligarchy in the future and there will be no more than 10 public cloud manufacturers in the world. At the same time, public cloud is characterized by strong technical strength, strong capital support, high innovation ability, and a complete cloud computing governance system. Of course, we also find that e-commerce, financial innovation, entertainment, digital media, etc. contribute the highest revenue to public cloud service providers. Their user groups are mainly concentrated in small and medium-sized enterprises, and large enterprise applications are limited to non core business applications or innovative businesses.
Our conclusion is that when we develop the public cloud,don’t consider the inclusive public cloud. We should consider a segmented market, which is called the industry cloud.
Industry cloud will be the inevitable developing trend of China’s cloud computing development
When enterprises deploy cloud computing, the first consideration is whether they have the capability, including technology, innovation ability, market development, etc., but in the segment market and industry market, it is a market with Chinese characteristics.
Firstly, there are strong industry standards and industry supervision guided by the government and policy guidance;
Secondly, the cost driving and business collaboration in the peer Chain achieve relative high-quality benefits;
Finally, the cloud+ end API requirements of specific areas, and big data analysis application get good results and efficiency.
For example, with the rapid development of big data and artificial intelligence, it’s hard to imagine the form of today’s banking, medical, automotive and other services between the same end and the cloud. So we think that industry cloud will be the inevitable developing trend of China’s cloud computing development.
In addition, it is very important that we find aon-designing Industry cloud service security capability guide and that with the growing maturity of cloud computing technology, enterprise risk, data security and operation compliance bring unique challenges to us. This guide is organized by China Data Center Alliance (trusted cloud), held by Beijing Gu’anTianxia Technology Co., Ltd., and jointly compiled by mainstream cloud service providers and manufacturers in industries such as XingyeShujin, Inspur, Jingdong, Tencent, telecom, Huawei, Shenxin, UCloud and 360. It involves the security requirements of industry cloud service platform, security operation and maintenance management requirements, personnel and supplier security, service quality and service quality compliance audit and risk assessment, etc. In this way, it is a very good guide for the managers, users and service providers of cloud computing in our industry.
IT governance of banks and chemical enterprises
In 2015, as the CIO of China National Chemical Industry Group, I realized the first attempt of large central enterprises to fully deploy the e-commerce platform in the public cloud platform. This is the result. The main goal of the cloud strategy adopted at that time was to solve the innovation of traditional enterprise business model.
At that time, the IaaS public cloud platform was mainly used to provide an elastic, stable and secure e-commerce basic environment. The PaaS public cloud platform was used to build centers for members, orders, commodities, search, payment and logistics, so as to realize business model innovation at low cost and high efficiency.
In fact, there are two different voices in the demonstration of e-commerce platform construction: one is put forward by the leaders of business departments to build in the environment of internal data center with packaged software; another is that our information sector advocates the use of the existing public cloud mode. In this case, IT (Information Technology) personnel are actually facing a very unfavorable situation. Why? We can all feel that the general manager will favor ideas from business departments, but our practitioners at the forefront of technological innovation also have faith in guiding this matter to the right direction, which is difficult to achieve by other methods.
What should we do?
Therefore, in this case, we can only rely on a method recognized by the world, that is, we have adopted the international IT Governance and management framework COBIT5, which is a very famous framework and an important foundation for our business model innovation.
We have compared which of these two methods can bring greater value to the company, can support business changes more flexibly, and how much can company earn.
We use the public cloud approach to gradually move forward, which brings totally different results. In fact, we only use 1/4 of the comparative budget to realize the construction of e-commerce platform. In addition, whether your enterprise resources are well optimized, whether your security risks and human resources can support future operation and maintenance, including your delivery time and cost, all reflect the comprehensive effect. The internationally recognized framework, our application of the whole framework, including our decomposition of control objectives, has brought us a good embodiment, and finally convinced our management to achieve our e-commerce in a better way.
Another example is China Construction Bank. In June, in order to cater for the development of the whole technology and Internet era, China Construction Bank upgraded the whole banking system, which is called the new generation core system internally. Facing this kind of bank system, we need to use a lot of technological innovation and management innovation to achieve the goal and not deviate from the direction, and realize the principle of technology-oriented and user first. They also use COBIT5 theory as the support.
In recent years, the construction of the platform has achieved the strategic goal, and supported its business development by leaps and bounds, and the company has reached the second place in China’s banking industry. So we find that a good strategy and framework, if we use it well, will bring a lot of value to the enterprise in the information construction.
In the data age, technological innovation is guiding our business development, including planning, organization, management, business and other changes, which is completely different from the traditional IT (Information Technology). IT governance will become very important, and a basic principle of IT governance is whether your business developing direction matches yourIT and cloud computing developing direction. https://cciedump.spoto.net