Orthopedic conditions are among the most common health issues and even injuries faced by people. Serious orthopedic issues like fractures or bone deformities require surgery for the treatment, and that also involves the use of Orthopedic Implants. The type of implant required depends upon the type and severity of the condition.
In this post, we will talk about an orthopedic condition known as hip dysplasia. As the name suggests, this condition affects the hip joint, and in most cases, the child is born with hip dysplasia. Let us talk about the condition in deep.
What is Hip Dysplasia?
Hip dysplasia is a medical term that is given to the condition in which the ball of the upper part of the femur is not aligned properly with its socket. In this condition, the chances of partial or complete dislocation of the hip are on the cards. This condition can also damage the cartilage and may result in painful symptoms.
According to the reports, around 1 out of 1000 babies is born with hip dysplasia and there, girls and firstborn children are at the highest risk.
To effectively manage the condition, timely diagnosis is most important, especially when it is noticed right after birth or before 6 months.
What Are the Symptoms of Hip Dysplasia?
The symptoms of the condition vary from person to person according to age and severity.
In infants with hip dysplasia, one leg may be longer than another one whereas, when the child starts walking, limping may also be noticed. In some cases, pain in the joint may also be experienced. Most often, the parents may find a difference in the flexibility of both the hip joints, especially during diaper changes. Here, one hip may be less flexible than the other.
Painful symptoms are generally experienced in teenagers and young adults, and they may be due to the development of osteoarthritis or a hip labral tear. Activity-related groin pain may also occur. Some kids may also complain of a feeling of an unstable hip joint.
What Causes Hip Dysplasia?
The most common cause of hip dysplasia is unnecessary pressure applied to the fetus in the womb, and that may occur due to multiple causes:
- First pregnancy
- Big size of the baby
- Breech presentation
When such a condition occurs, the upper ball part of the femur does not fit properly in the socket, and that results in an unstable hip condition. Maximum cases of hip dysplasia are developmental, this means the condition is present by birth.
How Hip Dysplasia is Diagnosed?
The diagnosis of hip dysplasia is often made after the birth of the child where the doctor himself/herself examines the hip joint by making certain movements. In some cases, the condition is noticed during regular doctor visits.
In children older than 6 months, imaging tests like x-rays, ultrasound, or CT scans are required to diagnose the condition.
What is the Treatment of Hip Dysplasia?
The treatment is based on the severity and age of the child. In infants below 6 months, the application of a brace known as a Pavlik harness may be helpful. This helps in the proper alignment of the hip joint. In children older than 6 months a full-body cast may be applied.
Joint replacement surgery is often suggested in young adults to realign the hip joint.
Siora Surgicals Pvt. Ltd. is an experienced manufacturer of an extensive range of trauma implants and instruments. The company is admired for producing a CE-certified range of products that are also exported to clients based in other countries. Siora is also working hard to be counted among the best Orthopedic Surgical Companies in Germany for supplying high-quality orthopedic devices.